Agent Name

2,3-Dinitrophenol

CAS Number

66-56-8

Formula

C6-H4-N2-O5

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

2,3-DNP; 2,3-Dinitrofenol [Czech]; Phenol, 2,3-dinitro-; [ChemIDplus] UN1320

Category

Nitrophenols

Description

Yellow needles or crystals

Sources/Uses

A minor constituent of commercial dinitrophenol mixtures, which are used to make dyes, wood preservatives, photographic developers, explosives, insecticides, and other chemicals; [ATSDR ToxProfiles]

Comments

May cause irritation, disruption of oxidative phosphorylation, liver injury, and dermatitis; Highly toxic by inhalation; Toxic by ingestion and skin absorption; [Aldrich MSDS] See "Dinitrophenol."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.2E-5 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Dinitrophenol, wetted with not less than 15% water."

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Other Poison

Uncoupler

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: