Agent Name

Glutamic acid

CAS Number




Major Category

Biological Agents


1-Aminopropane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid; 2-Aminopentanedioic acid; 2-Aminopentanedioic acid, (S)-; Acide glutamique; Acide glutamique [INN-French]; Acido glutamico [INN-Spanish]; Acidum glutamicum [INN-Latin]; Acidum glutaminicum; Aciglut; Glusate; Glutacid; Glutamate, L-; Glutamic acid, (S)-; Glutamicol; Glutamidex; Glutaminic acid; Glutaminol; Glutaton; L-2-Aminoglutaric acid; L-Glutamic acid; L-Glutaminic acid; Pentanedioic acid, 2-amino-, (S)-; alpha-Aminoglutaric acid; Glutamic acid, L-; [ChemIDplus] Glu; E; (S)-2-Aminopentanedioic acid; [Merck Index] 2Aminoglutaric acid; LalphaAminoglutaric acid; LGlutaminsaure; Pentanedioic acid, 2amino; [IUCLID] L-(+)-Glutamic acid; L-2-Amino-pentanedioic acid; [JECFA]


Amino Acids and Derivatives


Solid; [Merck Index] Colorless or white solid; [JECFA]


Glutamic acid is a non-essential amino acid and an excitatory neurotransmitter; Used as a nutritional supplement; [Merck Index] Active product registrations in the US for use as a crop growth enhancer (increases yield, size and/or quality, etc.); [NPIRS] Used as a flavoring agent, nutritional supplement, and pH control agent for foods; [FDA] Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA]


Causes mild eye irritation in rabbits (classified by the EC as not irritating); Not a skin sensitizer in guinea pigs; [IUCLID] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] May cause irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "DL-Glutamic acid."

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