Agent Name

1,4-Dihydroxy-9,10-anthracenedione

CAS Number

81-64-1

Formula

C14-H8-O4

Major Category

Dyes

Synonyms

1,4-Dihydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone; 1,4-Dihydroxyanthrachinon [Czech]; 1,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone; 1,4-Dioxyanthraquinone [Russian]; 1,4-Doa [Russian]; 9,10-Anthracenedione, 1,4-dihydroxy-; Anthraquinone, 1,4-dihydroxy-; C.I. 58050; CI 58050; Chinizarin; Macrolex Orange GG; Quinizarin; Quinizarine; Smoke Orange R; Solvent Orange 86; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Anthraquinone Dyes

Description

Yellow-red, orange, or deep red solid; [HSDB] Orange powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as an antioxidant in synthetic lubricants and a fungicide for control of powdery mildew; [HSDB] Used in the fuel and textile processing industries and as a coloring agent and intermediate; [IUCLID]

Comments

A mutagen and irritant; Effects in high-dose animal studies include changes in renal tubules and weight loss; [RTECS] Emergency treatment: $irritants$; [HSDB] An irritant; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.43E-8 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 222 deg C; [eChemPortal: IUCLID]

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: