Agent Name

Quaternium-15

CAS Number

4080-31-3

Formula

C9-H16-Cl-N4.Cl

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1-(3-Chloroallyl)-3,5,7-triaza-1-azoniaadamantane chloride; Cinartc 200; Dowco 184; Dowicide Q; Dowicil 100; Dowicil 75; Hexamethylenetetramine chloroallyl chloride; N-(3-Chloroallyl)hexaminium chloride; Quaternium 15; XD-1840; 3,5,7-Triaza-1-azoniaadamantane, 1-(3-chloroallyl)-,; chloride; 3,5,7-Triaza-1-azoniatricyclo(3.3.1.13,7)decane, 1-(3-; chloro-2-propenyl)-, chloride; Methenamine 3-chloroallylochloride; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Quaternary Amines

Description

White- to cream-colored powder; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Quaternium-15 is a preservative used in cosmetics and in many industrial applications including latex paints, polishes and waxes, metalworking fluids, adhesives, paper, inks, etc. [Marks, 121-2] Dowicil 75 is one of the biocides commonly used in metalworking fluids. [Occupational Exposure to Metalworking Fluids. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 98-102, 1998, Table 4-1] Used as a formaldehyde releaser in cleaning agents, paints, soaps, metalworking fluids, polishes, paper products, textile finishes, joint cements, and photocopier toner; [Kanerva, p. 405]

Comments

Quaternium-15 is a preservative used in cosmetics. It is a relatively common cause of allergic contact dermatitis in consumers of cosmetics. [Marks, p.121-122] Allergic contact dermatitis reported in hairdressers, a machine maintenance engineer in a chicken processing plant, and a photocopying worker; [Kanerva, p. 1832] A formaldehyde releaser used in cosmetics; It can cause allergic contact dermatitis; "Rinse off products in general will have a low risk of causing allergic contact dermatitis." [Kanerva, p. 398-404]

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Chemical Search

Exposure Assessment
MAK

2 mg/m3, inhalable fraction

Vapor Pressure

4.19E-9 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: